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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(1), 1221-1231; doi:10.3390/ijms16011221

Human Adipose Tissue Conditioned Media from Lean Subjects Is Protective against H2O2 Induced Neurotoxicity in Human SH-SY5Y Neuronal Cells

1
School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7, Canada
2
Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia; General, Laparoscopic, Endocrine and Gastric Band Surgery, 203-3040 Tutt St., Kelowna, BC V1Y 2H5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: G. Jean Harry
Received: 22 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 December 2014 / Published: 6 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research in Neurotoxicology)
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Abstract

Adipose tissue secretes numerous hormone-like factors, which are known as adipokines. Adipokine receptors have been identified in the central nervous system but the potential role of adipokine signaling in neuroprotection is unclear. The aim of this study is to determine (1) Whether adipokines secreted from cultured adipose tissue of lean humans is protective against oxidative stress-induced neurotoxicity in human SH-SY5Y neuronal cells; and (2) To explore potential signaling pathways involved in these processes. Adipose tissue conditioned media (ATCM) from healthy lean subjects completely prevented H2O2 induced neurotoxicity, while this effect is lost after heating ATCM. ATCM activated the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK and Akt at serine 308 in SH-SY5Y cells. PD98059 (25 µM), SP600125 (5 µM) and LY29400 (20 µM) partially blocked the protective effects of ATCM against H2O2 induced neurotoxicity. Findings demonstrate that heat-sensitive factors secreted from human adipose tissue of lean subjects are protective against H2O2 induced neurotoxicity and ERK1/2, JNK, and PI3K signaling pathways are involved in these processes. In conclusion, this study demonstrates preliminary but encouraging data to further support that adipose tissue secreted factors from lean human subjects might possess neuroprotective properties and unravel the specific roles of ERK1/2, JNK and PI3K in these processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; adipokine; Alzheimer’s disease; oxidative stress obesity; adipokine; Alzheimer’s disease; oxidative stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wan, Z.; Mah, D.; Simtchouk, S.; Kluftinger, A.; Little, J.P. Human Adipose Tissue Conditioned Media from Lean Subjects Is Protective against H2O2 Induced Neurotoxicity in Human SH-SY5Y Neuronal Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 1221-1231.

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