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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(9), 16949-16974; doi:10.3390/ijms150916949

Association of Allelic Variation in PtoXET16A with Growth and Wood Properties in Populus tomentosa

1,2
and
1,2,*
1
National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Key Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants, Ministry of Education, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2014 / Revised: 13 September 2014 / Accepted: 15 September 2014 / Published: 23 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases (XETs) modify the xyloglucan-cellulose framework of plant cell walls and, thus, affect cell wall expansion and strength. Dissecting the mechanism by which natural variation in XETs affects wood properties can inform breeding efforts to improve wood quality and yield traits. To this end, we isolated a full-length PtoXET16A cDNA clone from Populus tomentosa. Real-time PCR analysis showed that PtoXET16A was maximally expressed in the root, followed by phloem, cambium, and developing xylem, suggesting that PtoXET16A plays important roles in the development of vascular tissues. Nucleotide diversity and linkage disequilibrium analysis revealed that PtoXET16A has high single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) diversity (π = 0.01266 and θw = 0.01392) and low linkage disequilibrium (r2 ≥ 0.1, within 900 bp). SNP- and haplotype-based association analyses of 426 individuals from a natural population indicated that nine SNPs (including two non-synonymous markers and one splicing variant) (p ≤ 0.05, false discovery rate Q ≤ 0.01), and nine haplotypes (p ≤ 0.05) were significantly associated with growth and wood properties, each explaining from 3.40%–10.95% of phenotypic variance. This work shows that examination of allelic variation and linkage disequilibrium by a candidate-gene-based approach can help to decipher the genetic basis of wood formation. Moreover, the SNP markers identified in this study can potentially be applied for marker-assisted selection to improve growth and wood-property traits in Populus. View Full-Text
Keywords: xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase; single-nucleotide polymorphism; intron splicing site variation; linkage disequilibrium; Populus tomentosa xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase; single-nucleotide polymorphism; intron splicing site variation; linkage disequilibrium; Populus tomentosa
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Wang, B.; Zhang, D. Association of Allelic Variation in PtoXET16A with Growth and Wood Properties in Populus tomentosa. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 16949-16974.

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