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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(7), 12842-12860; doi:10.3390/ijms150712842

Coexpression and Secretion of Endoglucanase and Phytase Genes in Lactobacillus reuteri

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
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Received: 24 March 2014 / Revised: 19 May 2014 / Accepted: 1 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

A multifunctional transgenic Lactobacillus with probiotic characteristics and an ability to degrade β-glucan and phytic acid (phytate) was engineered to improve nutrient utilization, increase production performance and decrease digestive diseases in broiler chickens. The Bacillus subtilis WL001 endoglucanase gene (celW) and Aspergillus fumigatus WL002 phytase gene (phyW) mature peptide (phyWM) were cloned into an expression vector with the lactate dehydrogenase promoter of Lactobacillus casei and the secretion signal peptide of the Lactococcus lactis usp45 gene. This construct was then transformed into Lactobacillus reuteri XC1 that had been isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Heterologous enzyme production and feed effectiveness of this genetically modified L. reuteri strain were investigated and evaluated. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed that the molecular mass of phyWM and celW was approximately 48.2 and 55 kDa, respectively, consistent with their predicted molecular weights. Endoglucanase and phytase activities in the extracellular fraction of the transformed L. reuteri culture were 0.68 and 0.42 U/mL, respectively. Transformed L. reuteri improved the feed conversion ratio of broilers from 21 to 42 days of age and over the whole feeding period. However, there was no effect on body weight gain and feed intake of chicks. Transformed L. reuteri supplementation improved levels of ash, calcium and phosphorus in tibiae at day 21 and of phosphorus at day 42. In addition, populations of Escherichia coli, Veillonella spp. and Bacteroides vulgatus were decreased, while populations of Bifidobacterium genus and Lactobacillus spp. were increased in the cecum at day 21. View Full-Text
Keywords: coexpression; secretion; endoglucanase; phytase; Lactobacillus reuteri; broiler coexpression; secretion; endoglucanase; phytase; Lactobacillus reuteri; broiler
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Yang, Y.; Cai, B.; Cao, P.; Yang, M.; Chen, Y. Coexpression and Secretion of Endoglucanase and Phytase Genes in Lactobacillus reuteri. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 12842-12860.

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