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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(7), 12135-12148; doi:10.3390/ijms150712135

Antinociceptive Effect of Intrathecal Microencapsulated Human Pheochromocytoma Cell in a Rat Model of Bone Cancer Pain

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
2
Department of Cardiology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2014 / Revised: 10 June 2014 / Accepted: 18 June 2014 / Published: 8 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1771 KB, uploaded 8 July 2014]   |  

Abstract

Human pheochromocytoma cells, which are demonstrated to contain and release met-enkephalin and norepinephrine, may be a promising resource for cell therapy in cancer-induced intractable pain. Intrathecal injection of alginate-poly (l) lysine-alginate (APA) microencapsulated human pheochromocytoma cells leads to antinociceptive effect in a rat model of bone cancer pain, and this effect was blocked by opioid antagonist naloxone and alpha 2-adrenergic antagonist rauwolscine. Neurochemical changes of cerebrospinal fluid are in accordance with the analgesic responses. Taken together, these data support that human pheochromocytoma cell implant-induced antinociception was mediated by met-enkephalin and norepinephrine secreted from the cell implants and acting at spinal receptors. Spinal implantation of microencapsulated human pheochromocytoma cells may provide an alternative approach for the therapy of chronic intractable pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: human pheochromocytoma cell; cell transplantation; microencapsulation; analgesia; cancer-induced bone pain human pheochromocytoma cell; cell transplantation; microencapsulation; analgesia; cancer-induced bone pain
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Li, G.; Wu, S.; Zhang, B.; Wan, Q.; Yu, D.; Zhou, R.; Ma, C. Antinociceptive Effect of Intrathecal Microencapsulated Human Pheochromocytoma Cell in a Rat Model of Bone Cancer Pain. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 12135-12148.

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