Abstract: Genistein, the predominant isoflavone found in soy products, has exerted its anticarcinogenic effect in many different tumor types in vitro and in vivo. Accumulating evidence in recent years has strongly indicated the existence of cancer stem cells in gastric cancer. Here, we showed that low doses of genistein (15 µM), extracted from Millettia nitida Benth var hirsutissima Z Wei, inhibit tumor cell self-renewal in two types of gastric cancer cells by colony formation assay and tumor sphere formation assay. Treatment of gastric cancer cells with genistein reduced its chemoresistance to 5-Fu (fluorouracil) and ciplatin. Further results indicated that the reduced chemoresistance may be associated with the inhibition of ABCG2 expression and ERK 1/2 activity. Furthermore, genistein reduced tumor mass in the xenograft model. Together, genistein inhibited gastric cancer stem cell-like properties and reduced its chemoresistance. Our results provide a further rationale and experimental basis for using the genistein to improve treatment of patients with gastric cancer.
Keywords: genistein; gastric cancer stem cell; chemoresistance
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Huang, W.; Wan, C.; Luo, Q.; Huang, Z.; Luo, Q. Genistein-Inhibited Cancer Stem Cell-Like Properties and Reduced Chemoresistance of Gastric Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 3432-3443.
Huang W, Wan C, Luo Q, Huang Z, Luo Q. Genistein-Inhibited Cancer Stem Cell-Like Properties and Reduced Chemoresistance of Gastric Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(3):3432-3443.
Huang, Weifeng; Wan, Chunpeng; Luo, Qicong; Huang, Zhengjie; Luo, Qi. 2014. "Genistein-Inhibited Cancer Stem Cell-Like Properties and Reduced Chemoresistance of Gastric Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 3: 3432-3443.