Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(1), 58-74; doi:10.3390/ijms15010058
Article

Chimeric Mice with Humanized Livers: A Unique Tool for in Vivo and in Vitro Enzyme Induction Studies

1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1,2email and 1,2,* email
Received: 1 November 2013; in revised form: 5 December 2013 / Accepted: 6 December 2013 / Published: 20 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Xenobiotic Metabolism)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We performed in vivo and in vitro studies to determine the induction of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) using chimeric mice with humanized liver (PXB-mice®) and human hepatocytes isolated from the PXB-mice (PXB-cells), which were derived from the same donor. For the in vivo study, PXB-mice were injected with 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC, 2 or 20 mg/kg) or rifampicin (0.1 or 10 mg/kg) for four days. For the in vitro study, PXB-cells were incubated with 3-MC (10, 50, or 250 ng/mL) or with rifampicin (5 or 25 μg/mL). The CYP1A1 and 1A2, and CYP3A4 mRNA expression levels increased significantly in the PXB-mouse livers with 20 mg/kg of 3-MC (Cmax, 12.2 ng/mL), and 10 mg/kg rifampicin (Cmax, 6.9 µg/mL), respectively. The CYP1A1 mRNA expression level increased significantly in PXB-cells with 250 ng/mL of 3-MC, indicating lower sensitivity than in vivo. The CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 mRNA expression levels increased significantly with 50 ng/mL of 3-MC, and 5 μg/mL of rifampicin, respectively, which indicated that the sensitivities were similar between in vivo and in vitro studies. In conclusion, PXB-mice and PXB-cells provide a robust model as an intermediate between in vivo and in vitro human metabolic enzyme induction studies.
Keywords: liver; P450 induction; humanized animal model; rifampicin; 3-methylcholanthrene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kakuni, M.; Yamasaki, C.; Tachibana, A.; Yoshizane, Y.; Ishida, Y.; Tateno, C. Chimeric Mice with Humanized Livers: A Unique Tool for in Vivo and in Vitro Enzyme Induction Studies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 58-74.

AMA Style

Kakuni M, Yamasaki C, Tachibana A, Yoshizane Y, Ishida Y, Tateno C. Chimeric Mice with Humanized Livers: A Unique Tool for in Vivo and in Vitro Enzyme Induction Studies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(1):58-74.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kakuni, Masakazu; Yamasaki, Chihiro; Tachibana, Asato; Yoshizane, Yasumi; Ishida, Yuji; Tateno, Chise. 2014. "Chimeric Mice with Humanized Livers: A Unique Tool for in Vivo and in Vitro Enzyme Induction Studies." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 1: 58-74.

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