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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(1), 250-260; doi:10.3390/ijms15010250

DNA Repair Gene XRCC4 Codon 247 Polymorphism Modified Diffusely Infiltrating Astrocytoma Risk and Prognosis

Received: 28 October 2013 / Revised: 1 December 2013 / Accepted: 23 December 2013 / Published: 27 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology)
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The DNA repair gene X-ray cross-complementary group 4 (XRCC4), an important caretaker of the overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in human tumorigenesis. We investigated the association between an important polymorphic variant of this gene at codon 247 (rs373409) and diffusely infiltrating astrocytoma (DIA) risk and prognosis. This hospital-based case-control study investigated this association in the Guangxi population. In total, 242 cases with DIA and 358 age-, sex-, and race-matched healthy controls were genotyped using TaqMan-PCR technique. We found a significant difference in the frequency of XRCC4 genotypes between cases and controls. Compared with the homozygote of XRCC4 codon 247 Ala alleles (XRCC4-AA), the genotypes of XRCC4 codon 247 Ser alleles (namely XRCC4-AS or -SS) increased DIA risk (odds ratios [OR], 1.82 and 2.89, respectively). Furthermore, XRCC4 polymorphism was correlated with tumor dedifferentiation of DIA (r = 0.261, p < 0.01). Additionally, this polymorphism modified the overall survival of DIA patients (the median survival times were 26, 14, and 8 months for patients with XRCC4-AA, -AS, and -SS, respectively). Like tumor grade, XRCC4 codon 247 polymorphism was an independent prognostic factor influencing the survival of DIA. These results suggest that XRCC4 codon 247 polymorphism may be associated with DIA risk and prognosis among the Guangxi population.
Keywords: XRCC4; polymorphism; DIA XRCC4; polymorphism; DIA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lin, Z.-H.; Chen, J.-C.; Wang, Y.-S.; Huang, T.-J.; Wang, J.; Long, X.-D. DNA Repair Gene XRCC4 Codon 247 Polymorphism Modified Diffusely Infiltrating Astrocytoma Risk and Prognosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 250-260.

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