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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(7), 14518-14531; doi:10.3390/ijms140714518
Review

Exploiting CRISPR/Cas: Interference Mechanisms and Applications

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Received: 31 May 2013; in revised form: 26 June 2013 / Accepted: 1 July 2013 / Published: 12 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regulation by non-coding RNAs)
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Abstract: The discovery of biological concepts can often provide a framework for the development of novel molecular tools, which can help us to further understand and manipulate life. One recent example is the elucidation of the prokaryotic adaptive immune system, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) that protects bacteria and archaea against viruses or conjugative plasmids. The immunity is based on small RNA molecules that are incorporated into versatile multi-domain proteins or protein complexes and specifically target viral nucleic acids via base complementarity. CRISPR/Cas interference machines are utilized to develop novel genome editing tools for different organisms. Here, we will review the latest progress in the elucidation and application of prokaryotic CRISPR/Cas systems and discuss possible future approaches to exploit the potential of these interference machineries.
Keywords: CRISPR; crRNA; Cas9; Cascade; interference; genome editing; RGEN; TALEN; ZNF CRISPR; crRNA; Cas9; Cascade; interference; genome editing; RGEN; TALEN; ZNF
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Richter, H.; Randau, L.; Plagens, A. Exploiting CRISPR/Cas: Interference Mechanisms and Applications. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 14518-14531.

AMA Style

Richter H, Randau L, Plagens A. Exploiting CRISPR/Cas: Interference Mechanisms and Applications. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(7):14518-14531.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richter, Hagen; Randau, Lennart; Plagens, André. 2013. "Exploiting CRISPR/Cas: Interference Mechanisms and Applications." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 7: 14518-14531.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert