Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(4), 8437-8455; doi:10.3390/ijms14048437
Review

Dual Role of MicroRNAs in NAFLD

Hepato-Metabolic Disease Unit and Liver Research Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Piazza S. Onofrio, 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 March 2013; in revised form: 5 April 2013 / Accepted: 10 April 2013 / Published: 17 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Research)
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Abstract: MicroRNAs are important post-transcriptional regulators in different pathophysiological processes. They typically affect the mRNA stability or translation finally leading to the repression of target gene expression. Notably, it is thought that microRNAs are crucial for regulating gene expression during metabolic-related disorders, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several studies identify specific microRNA expression profiles associated to different histological features of NAFLD, both in animal models and in patients. Therefore, specific assortments of certain microRNAs could have enormous diagnostic potentiality. In addition, microRNAs have also emerged as possible therapeutic targets for the treatment of NAFLD-related liver damage. In this review, we discuss the experimental evidence about microRNAs both as potential non-invasive early diagnostic markers and as novel therapeutic targets in NAFLD and its more severe liver complications.
Keywords: microRNAs; NAFLD; NASH; hepatic fibrosis

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ceccarelli, S.; Panera, N.; Gnani, D.; Nobili, V. Dual Role of MicroRNAs in NAFLD. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 8437-8455.

AMA Style

Ceccarelli S, Panera N, Gnani D, Nobili V. Dual Role of MicroRNAs in NAFLD. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(4):8437-8455.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ceccarelli, Sara; Panera, Nadia; Gnani, Daniela; Nobili, Valerio. 2013. "Dual Role of MicroRNAs in NAFLD." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 4: 8437-8455.

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