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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(2), 2388-2409; doi:10.3390/ijms14022388
Review

Parkinson’s Disease: A Complex Interplay of Mitochondrial DNA Alterations and Oxidative Stress

1
, 1
, 1
, 2,3
 and 1,2,*
Received: 5 December 2012; in revised form: 14 January 2013 / Accepted: 21 January 2013 / Published: 24 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue DNA Damage and Repair in Degenerative Diseases)
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Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common age-related neurodegenerative diseases. This pathology causes a significant loss of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia Nigra. Several reports have claimed a role of defective nuclear and mitochondrial DNA repair pathways in PD etiology, in particular, of the Base Excision Repair (BER) system. In addition, recent findings, related to PD progression, indicate that oxidative stress pathways involving c-Abl and GST could also be implicated in this pathology. This review focuses on recently described networks most likely involved in an integrated manner in the course of PD.
Keywords: neurodegenerative diseases; Parkinson’s disease (PD); base excision repair (BER); mitochondria; oxidative stress; reactive oxidative species (ROS); reactive nitrogen species (RNS); c-Abl; reduced glutathione (GSH); oxidized glutathione (GSS-) neurodegenerative diseases; Parkinson’s disease (PD); base excision repair (BER); mitochondria; oxidative stress; reactive oxidative species (ROS); reactive nitrogen species (RNS); c-Abl; reduced glutathione (GSH); oxidized glutathione (GSS-)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ciccone, S.; Maiani, E.; Bellusci, G.; Diederich, M.; Gonfloni, S. Parkinson’s Disease: A Complex Interplay of Mitochondrial DNA Alterations and Oxidative Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 2388-2409.

AMA Style

Ciccone S, Maiani E, Bellusci G, Diederich M, Gonfloni S. Parkinson’s Disease: A Complex Interplay of Mitochondrial DNA Alterations and Oxidative Stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(2):2388-2409.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ciccone, Sarah; Maiani, Emiliano; Bellusci, Giovanna; Diederich, Marc; Gonfloni, Stefania. 2013. "Parkinson’s Disease: A Complex Interplay of Mitochondrial DNA Alterations and Oxidative Stress." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 2: 2388-2409.



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