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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(11), 22997-23010; doi:10.3390/ijms141122997
Article

Alteration of Tight Junction Gene Expression by Calcium- and Vitamin D-Deficient Diet in the Duodenum of Calbindin-Null Mice

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Received: 27 September 2013; in revised form: 1 November 2013 / Accepted: 6 November 2013 / Published: 20 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract: Calcium absorption is regulated by both active (transcellular) and passive (paracellular) pathways. Although each pathway has been studied, correlations between the two pathways have not been well elucidated. In previous investigations, the critical transcellular proteins, calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k) and -D28k (CaBP-28k), were shown to affect other transcellular pathways by buffering intracellular calcium concentrations. The rate of paracellular calcium transport in the duodenum is generally determined by the expression of tight junction genes. In the present study, the effect of dietary calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation on the expression of tight junction genes (occludin, ZO-1 and claudin 2, 10b, 12 and 15) in the duodenum of CaBP-9k- and/or -28k-deficient mice was examined. With a normal diet, the expression of most tight junction genes in the duodenum was significantly increased in CaBP-9k knockout (KO) mice compared to wild-type (WT) animals. With a calcium- and vitamin D-deficient diet, tight junction gene expression was significantly decreased in the duodenum of the CaBP-9k KO mice. These findings suggest that expression of paracellular tight junction genes is regulated by transcellular CaBP proteins, suggesting that active and passive calcium transport pathways may function cooperatively.
Keywords: calbindin; transcellular pathway; paracellular pathway; calcium absorption; tight junction calbindin; transcellular pathway; paracellular pathway; calcium absorption; tight junction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, I.; Yang, H.; Kang, H.-S.; Ahn, C.; Hong, E.-J.; An, B.-S.; Jeung, E.-B. Alteration of Tight Junction Gene Expression by Calcium- and Vitamin D-Deficient Diet in the Duodenum of Calbindin-Null Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 22997-23010.

AMA Style

Hwang I, Yang H, Kang H-S, Ahn C, Hong E-J, An B-S, Jeung E-B. Alteration of Tight Junction Gene Expression by Calcium- and Vitamin D-Deficient Diet in the Duodenum of Calbindin-Null Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(11):22997-23010.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hwang, Inho; Yang, Hyun; Kang, Hong-Seok; Ahn, Changhwan; Hong, Eui-Ju; An, Beum-Soo; Jeung, Eui-Bae. 2013. "Alteration of Tight Junction Gene Expression by Calcium- and Vitamin D-Deficient Diet in the Duodenum of Calbindin-Null Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 11: 22997-23010.



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