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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(6), 7798-7827; doi:10.3390/ijms13067798
Review

Spatial Simulations in Systems Biology: From Molecules to Cells

*  and *
Received: 2 May 2012; in revised form: 8 June 2012 / Accepted: 12 June 2012 / Published: 21 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomolecular Simulation)
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Abstract: Cells are highly organized objects containing millions of molecules. Each biomolecule has a specific shape in order to interact with others in the complex machinery. Spatial dynamics emerge in this system on length and time scales which can not yet be modeled with full atomic detail. This review gives an overview of methods which can be used to simulate the complete cell at least with molecular detail, especially Brownian dynamics simulations. Such simulations require correct implementation of the diffusion-controlled reaction scheme occurring on this level. Implementations and applications of spatial simulations are presented, and finally it is discussed how the atomic level can be included for instance in multi-scale simulation methods.
Keywords: Brownian dynamics; agent-based modeling; diffusion-controlled reactions; fractal kinetics; nonlinear diffusion; spatial-temporal dynamics Brownian dynamics; agent-based modeling; diffusion-controlled reactions; fractal kinetics; nonlinear diffusion; spatial-temporal dynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Klann, M.; Koeppl, H. Spatial Simulations in Systems Biology: From Molecules to Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 7798-7827.

AMA Style

Klann M, Koeppl H. Spatial Simulations in Systems Biology: From Molecules to Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(6):7798-7827.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klann, Michael; Koeppl, Heinz. 2012. "Spatial Simulations in Systems Biology: From Molecules to Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 6: 7798-7827.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert