Next Article in Journal
The Effect of Toll-Like Receptor 4 in the Aqueous Humor of Endotoxin-Induced Uveitis
Previous Article in Journal
Neuroprotective Effects of Pre-Treament with l-Carnitine and Acetyl-l-Carnitine on Ischemic Injury In Vivo and In Vitro
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fabrication, Modeling and Characterization of Multi-Crosslinked Methacrylate Copolymeric Nanoparticles for Oral Drug Delivery
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(2), 2091-2109; doi:10.3390/ijms13022091
Review

Antioxidant-Induced Stress

1,*  and 2
1 Escuela Superior de Medicina del IPN, Posgrado e Investigacion, Plan de San Luis y Salvador Diaz Miron S/N, Colonia Casco de Santo Tomas, Mexico, DF. 11340, Mexico 2 Kross-Link Laboratories, Bellmore, NY 11710, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2011 / Revised: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 16 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Nanoparticles (special issue))
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [357 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

Antioxidants are among the most popular health-protecting products, sold worldwide without prescription. Indeed, there are many reports showing the benefits of antioxidants but only a few questioning the possible harmful effects of these “drugs”. The normal balance between antioxidants and free radicals in the body is offset when either of these forces prevails. The available evidence on the harmful effects of antioxidants is analyzed in this review. In summary, a hypothesis is presented that “antioxidant-induced stress” results when antioxidants overwhelm the body’s free radicals.
Keywords: antioxidant; oxidative stress; harmful effects antioxidant; oxidative stress; harmful effects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Villanueva, C.; Kross, R.D. Antioxidant-Induced Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 2091-2109.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert