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Escuela Superior de Medicina del IPN, Posgrado e Investigacion, Plan de San Luis y Salvador Diaz Miron S/N, Colonia Casco de Santo Tomas, Mexico, DF. 11340, Mexico
Kross-Link Laboratories, Bellmore, NY 11710, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2011; in revised form: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 16 February 2012
Abstract: Antioxidants are among the most popular health-protecting products, sold worldwide without prescription. Indeed, there are many reports showing the benefits of antioxidants but only a few questioning the possible harmful effects of these “drugs”. The normal balance between antioxidants and free radicals in the body is offset when either of these forces prevails. The available evidence on the harmful effects of antioxidants is analyzed in this review. In summary, a hypothesis is presented that “antioxidant-induced stress” results when antioxidants overwhelm the body’s free radicals.
Keywords: antioxidant; oxidative stress; harmful effects
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Villanueva, C.; Kross, R.D. Antioxidant-Induced Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 2091-2109.
Villanueva C, Kross RD. Antioxidant-Induced Stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):2091-2109.
Villanueva, Cleva; Kross, Robert D. 2012. "Antioxidant-Induced Stress." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 2091-2109.