Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(2), 2091-2109; doi:10.3390/ijms13022091

Antioxidant-Induced Stress

1 Escuela Superior de Medicina del IPN, Posgrado e Investigacion, Plan de San Luis y Salvador Diaz Miron S/N, Colonia Casco de Santo Tomas, Mexico, DF. 11340, Mexico 2 Kross-Link Laboratories, Bellmore, NY 11710, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2011; in revised form: 30 January 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 16 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Nanoparticles)
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Abstract: Antioxidants are among the most popular health-protecting products, sold worldwide without prescription. Indeed, there are many reports showing the benefits of antioxidants but only a few questioning the possible harmful effects of these “drugs”. The normal balance between antioxidants and free radicals in the body is offset when either of these forces prevails. The available evidence on the harmful effects of antioxidants is analyzed in this review. In summary, a hypothesis is presented that “antioxidant-induced stress” results when antioxidants overwhelm the body’s free radicals.
Keywords: antioxidant; oxidative stress; harmful effects

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MDPI and ACS Style

Villanueva, C.; Kross, R.D. Antioxidant-Induced Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 2091-2109.

AMA Style

Villanueva C, Kross RD. Antioxidant-Induced Stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):2091-2109.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Villanueva, Cleva; Kross, Robert D. 2012. "Antioxidant-Induced Stress." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 2091-2109.

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