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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(12), 16833-16852; doi:10.3390/ijms131216833
Article

Changes in Molecular Characteristics of Cereal Carbohydrates after Processing and Digestion

* ,
 and
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, P.O. Box 50, 8830 Tjele, Denmark
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2012 / Revised: 30 November 2012 / Accepted: 4 December 2012 / Published: 10 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Abstract

Different extraction, purification and digestion methods were used to investigate the molecular properties of carbohydrates in arabinoxylan and β-glucan concentrates, dietary fiber (DF) rich breads and ileum content of bread fed pigs. The breads studied were: a low DF wheat bread (WF), whole meal rye bread (GR), rye bread with kernels (RK), wheat bread supplemented with wheat arabinoxylan concentrate (AX) and wheat bread supplemented with oat β-glucan concentrate (BG). The weight average molecular weight (Mw) of extractable carbohydrates in β-glucan concentrate decreased eight-fold after inclusion in the BG bread when exposed to in vitro digestion, while the Mw of purified extractable carbohydrates in AX bread was reduced two-fold, and remained almost unaffected until reaching the terminal ileum of pigs. Similarly, the Mw of purified extractable carbohydrates in GR and RK bread was not significantly changed in the ileum. The AX bread resulted in the highest concentration of dissolved arabinoxylan in the ileum among all the breads that caused a substantial increased in ileal AX viscosity. Nevertheless, for none of the breads, the Mw of extractable carbohydrates was related neither to the bread extract nor ileal viscosity.
Keywords: dietary fiber; arabinoxylan; β-glucan; weight average molecular weight dietary fiber; arabinoxylan; β-glucan; weight average molecular weight
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kasprzak, M.M.; Lærke, H.N.; Knudsen, K.E.B. Changes in Molecular Characteristics of Cereal Carbohydrates after Processing and Digestion. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 16833-16852.

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