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Flavin-Dependent Enzymes in Cancer Prevention
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Jagiellonska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 September 2012; in revised form: 26 November 2012 / Accepted: 4 December 2012 / Published: 7 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flavins
Abstract: Statistical studies have demonstrated that various agents may reduce the risk of cancer’s development. One of them is activity of flavin-dependent enzymes such as flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO)GS-OX1, FAD-dependent 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and flavin-dependent monoamine oxidase. In the last decade, many papers concerning their structure, reaction mechanism and role in the cancer prevention were published. In our work, we provide a more in-depth analysis of flavin-dependent enzymes and their contribution to the cancer prevention. We present the actual knowledge about the glucosinolate synthesized by flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO)GS-OX1 and its role in cancer prevention, discuss the influence of mutations in FAD-dependent 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase on the cancer risk, and describe FAD as an important cofactor for the demethylation of histons. We also present our views on the role of riboflavin supplements in the prevention against cancer.
Keywords: flavin-containing monooxygenase; methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; monoamine oxidase
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Wojcieszyńska, D.; Hupert-Kocurek, K.; Guzik, U. Flavin-Dependent Enzymes in Cancer Prevention. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 16751-16768.
Wojcieszyńska D, Hupert-Kocurek K, Guzik U. Flavin-Dependent Enzymes in Cancer Prevention. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(12):16751-16768.
Wojcieszyńska, Danuta; Hupert-Kocurek, Katarzyna; Guzik, Urszula. 2012. "Flavin-Dependent Enzymes in Cancer Prevention." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 12: 16751-16768.