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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(8), 5352-5372; doi:10.3390/ijms12085352
Review

Structure and Dynamics of Reentrant Nematics: Any Open Questions after Almost 40 Years?

1,*  and 1,2
Received: 6 July 2011; in revised form: 9 August 2011 / Accepted: 11 August 2011 / Published: 22 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Crystals 2011)
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Abstract: Liquid crystals have attracted enormous interest because of the variety of their phases and richness of their application. The interplay of general physical symmetries and specific molecular features generates a myriad of different phenomena. A surprising behavior of liquid crystals is the reentrancy of phases as temperature, pressure, or concentration are varied. Here, we review the main experimental facts and the different theoretical scenarios that have guided the understanding of bulk reentrant nematics. Recently, some computer simulations of a system confined to nanoscopic scales have found new dynamical features of the reentrant nematic phase. We discuss this prediction in relation with the available experimental evidence on reentrant nematics and with the dynamics of liquids in strongly confined environments.
Keywords: reentrant phase; nematic; dynamics; diffusion
reentrant phase; nematic; dynamics; diffusion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazza, M.G.; Schoen, M. Structure and Dynamics of Reentrant Nematics: Any Open Questions after Almost 40 Years? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 5352-5372.

AMA Style

Mazza MG, Schoen M. Structure and Dynamics of Reentrant Nematics: Any Open Questions after Almost 40 Years? International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(8):5352-5372.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazza, Marco G.; Schoen, Martin. 2011. "Structure and Dynamics of Reentrant Nematics: Any Open Questions after Almost 40 Years?" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 8: 5352-5372.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert