Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(8), 5319-5329; doi:10.3390/ijms12085319
Article

Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Oleanolic Acid and Ursolic Acid from Ligustrum lucidum Ait

1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China 2 Key Laboratory of Marine Bio-resources Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2011; in revised form: 9 August 2011 / Accepted: 12 August 2011 / Published: 18 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [221 KB, uploaded 18 August 2011 12:33 CEST]
Abstract: Oleanolic acid and ursolic acid are the main active components in fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait, and possess anticancer, antimutagenic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and antiprotozoal activities. In this study, microwave-assisted extraction of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid from Ligustrum lucidum was investigated with HPLC-photodiode array detection. Effects of several experimental parameters, such as type and concentration of extraction solvent, ratio of liquid to material, microwave power, extraction temperature and microwave time, on the extraction efficiencies of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid from Ligustrum lucidum were evaluated. The influence of experimental parameters on the extraction efficiency of ursolic acid was more significant than that of oleanolic acid (p < 0.05). The optimal extraction conditions were 80% ethanol aqueous solution, the ratio of material to liquid was 1:15, and extraction for 30 min at 70 °C under microwave irradiation of 500 W. Under optimal conditions, the yields of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid were 4.4 ± 0.20 mg/g and 5.8 ± 0.15 mg/g, respectively. The results obtained are helpful for the full utilization of Ligustrum lucidum, which also indicated that microwave-assisted extraction is a very useful method for extraction of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid from plant materials.
Keywords: microwave; extraction; oleanolic acid; ursolic acid; Ligustrum lucidum

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xia, E.-Q.; Wang, B.-W.; Xu, X.-R.; Zhu, L.; Song, Y.; Li, H.-B. Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Oleanolic Acid and Ursolic Acid from Ligustrum lucidum Ait. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 5319-5329.

AMA Style

Xia E-Q, Wang B-W, Xu X-R, Zhu L, Song Y, Li H-B. Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Oleanolic Acid and Ursolic Acid from Ligustrum lucidum Ait. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(8):5319-5329.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xia, En-Qin; Wang, Bo-Wei; Xu, Xiang-Rong; Zhu, Li; Song, Yang; Li, Hua-Bin. 2011. "Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Oleanolic Acid and Ursolic Acid from Ligustrum lucidum Ait." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 8: 5319-5329.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert