Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(8), 5213-5237; doi:10.3390/ijms12085213
Review

Mechanisms of Mycotoxin-Induced Neurotoxicity through Oxidative Stress-Associated Pathways

1,2,* email and 1
Received: 7 June 2011; in revised form: 21 July 2011 / Accepted: 4 August 2011 / Published: 15 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Toxicology)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Among many mycotoxins, T-2 toxin, macrocyclic trichothecenes, fumonisin B1 (FB1) and ochratochin A (OTA) are known to have the potential to induce neurotoxicity in rodent models. T-2 toxin induces neuronal cell apoptosis in the fetal and adult brain. Macrocyclic trichothecenes bring about neuronal cell apoptosis and inflammation in the olfactory epithelium and olfactory bulb. FB1 induces neuronal degeneration in the cerebral cortex, concurrent with disruption of de novo ceramide synthesis. OTA causes acute depletion of striatal dopamine and its metabolites, accompanying evidence of neuronal cell apoptosis in the substantia nigra, striatum and hippocampus. This paper reviews the mechanisms of neurotoxicity induced by these mycotoxins especially from the viewpoint of oxidative stress-associated pathways.
Keywords: neurotoxicity; T-2 toxin; macrocyclic trichothecenes; fumonisin B1; ochratoxin A
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MDPI and ACS Style

Doi, K.; Uetsuka, K. Mechanisms of Mycotoxin-Induced Neurotoxicity through Oxidative Stress-Associated Pathways. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 5213-5237.

AMA Style

Doi K, Uetsuka K. Mechanisms of Mycotoxin-Induced Neurotoxicity through Oxidative Stress-Associated Pathways. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(8):5213-5237.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Doi, Kunio; Uetsuka, Koji. 2011. "Mechanisms of Mycotoxin-Induced Neurotoxicity through Oxidative Stress-Associated Pathways." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 8: 5213-5237.


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