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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(7), 4550-4573; doi:10.3390/ijms12074550

Bioactivities from Marine Algae of the Genus Gracilaria

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, PB 58051-900, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 May 2011 / Revised: 26 June 2011 / Accepted: 5 July 2011 / Published: 15 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Seaweeds are an important source of bioactive metabolites for the pharmaceutical industry in drug development. Many of these compounds are used to treat diseases like cancer, acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS), inflammation, pain, arthritis, as well as viral, bacterial, and fungal infections. This paper offers a survey of the literature for Gracilaria algae extracts with biological activity, and identifies avenues for future research. Nineteen species of this genus that were tested for antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antihypertensive, cytotoxic, spermicidal, embriotoxic, and anti-inflammatory activities are cited from the 121 references consulted.
Keywords: Gracilaria; macroalgae; seaweed; biological activity; natural product; review Gracilaria; macroalgae; seaweed; biological activity; natural product; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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De Almeida, C.L.F.; De S. Falcão, H.; De M. Lima, G.R.; De A. Montenegro, C.; Lira, N.S.; De Athayde-Filho, P.F.; Rodrigues, L.C.; De Souza, M.F.V.; Barbosa-Filho, J.M.; Batista, L.M. Bioactivities from Marine Algae of the Genus Gracilaria. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 4550-4573.

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