Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
A Supramolecular Sensing Platform for Phosphate Anions and an Anthrax Biomarker in a Microfluidic Device
Mesoscale Chemical Systems, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands
Molecular Nanofabrication Group, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Present Address: EPFL-STI-IMT-LMIS4, Station 17, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Present Address: Northwestern University 633 Clark Street Evanston, IL 60208, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com (M.D.Y.).
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2011; in revised form: 19 October 2011 / Accepted: 20 October 2011 / Published: 26 October 2011
Abstract: A supramolecular platform based on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) has been implemented in a microfluidic device. The system has been applied for the sensing of two different analyte types: biologically relevant phosphate anions and aromatic carboxylic acids, which are important for anthrax detection. A Eu(III)-EDTA complex was bound to β-cyclodextrin monolayers via orthogonal supramolecular host-guest interactions. The self-assembly of the Eu(III)-EDTA conjugate and naphthalene β-diketone as an antenna resulted in the formation of a highly luminescent lanthanide complex on the microchannel surface. Detection of different phosphate anions and aromatic carboxylic acids was demonstrated by monitoring the decrease in red emission following displacement of the antenna by the analyte. Among these analytes, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and pyrophosphate, as well as dipicolinic acid (DPA) which is a biomarker for anthrax, showed a strong response. Parallel fabrication of five sensing SAMs in a single multichannel chip was performed, as a first demonstration of phosphate and carboxylic acid screening in a multiplexed format that allows a general detection platform for both analyte systems in a single test run with µM and nM detection sensitivity for ATP and DPA, respectively.
Keywords: microfluidic sensing device; phosphate and anthrax biomarker detection; lanthanide-based supramolecular sensing; surface-assisted ATP and DPA detection
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Eker, B.; Yilmaz, M.D.; Schlautmann, S.; Gardeniers, J.G.E.; Huskens, J. A Supramolecular Sensing Platform for Phosphate Anions and an Anthrax Biomarker in a Microfluidic Device. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 7335-7351.
Eker B, Yilmaz MD, Schlautmann S, Gardeniers JGE, Huskens J. A Supramolecular Sensing Platform for Phosphate Anions and an Anthrax Biomarker in a Microfluidic Device. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(11):7335-7351.
Eker, Bilge; Yilmaz, Mahmut Deniz; Schlautmann, Stefan; Gardeniers, Johannes G. E.; Huskens, Jurriaan. 2011. "A Supramolecular Sensing Platform for Phosphate Anions and an Anthrax Biomarker in a Microfluidic Device." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 11: 7335-7351.