Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(11), 7314-7322; doi:10.3390/ijms12117314
Communication

Molecular Diagnosis of Analbuminemia: A New Case Caused by a Nonsense Mutation in the Albumin Gene

1email, 1email, 2, 3,†email, 3email, 4email, 4email and 4,* email
Received: 5 August 2011; in revised form: 15 September 2011 / Accepted: 13 October 2011 / Published: 25 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Diagnostics)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Analbuminemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder manifested by the absence, or severe reduction, of circulating serum albumin (ALB). We report here a new case diagnosed in a 45 years old man of Southwestern Asian origin, living in Switzerland, on the basis of his low ALB concentration (0.9 g/L) in the absence of renal or gastrointestinal protein loss, or liver dysfunction. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by a mutational analysis of the albumin (ALB) gene, carried out by single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP), heteroduplex analysis (HA), and DNA sequencing. This screening of the ALB gene revealed that the proband is homozygous for two mutations: the insertion of a T in a stretch of eight Ts spanning positions c.1289 + 23–c.1289 + 30 of intron 10 and a c.802 G > T transversion in exon 7. Whereas the presence of an additional T in the poly-T tract has no direct deleterious effect, the latter nonsense mutation changes the codon GAA for Glu244 to the stop codon TAA, resulting in a premature termination of the polypeptide chain. The putative protein product would have a length of only 243 amino acid residues instead of the normal 585 found in the mature serum albumin, but no evidence for the presence in serum of such a truncated polypeptide chain could be obtained by two dimensional electrophoresis and western blotting analysis.
Keywords: human serum albumin; analbuminemia; heteroduplex analysis; single-strand conformation polymorphism; DNA sequence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dagnino, M.; Caridi, G.; Haenni, U.; Duss, A.; Aregger, F.; Campagnoli, M.; Galliano, M.; Minchiotti, L. Molecular Diagnosis of Analbuminemia: A New Case Caused by a Nonsense Mutation in the Albumin Gene. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 7314-7322.

AMA Style

Dagnino M, Caridi G, Haenni U, Duss A, Aregger F, Campagnoli M, Galliano M, Minchiotti L. Molecular Diagnosis of Analbuminemia: A New Case Caused by a Nonsense Mutation in the Albumin Gene. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(11):7314-7322.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dagnino, Monica; Caridi, Gianluca; Haenni, Ueli; Duss, Adrian; Aregger, Fabienne; Campagnoli, Monica; Galliano, Monica; Minchiotti, Lorenzo. 2011. "Molecular Diagnosis of Analbuminemia: A New Case Caused by a Nonsense Mutation in the Albumin Gene." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 11: 7314-7322.

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