Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(1), 655-667; doi:10.3390/ijms12010655
Article

Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) as an Alternative Source of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids

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Received: 6 December 2010; in revised form: 6 January 2011 / Accepted: 10 January 2011 / Published: 18 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) have been proven to possess many biological activities, and much attention is focused on the search for plants which are rich in OA and UA. In this report, the OA and UA accumulation characteristics were investigated in 47 cultivars of Chinese herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) and were followed in three cultivars over different developmental stages as measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). OA and UA levels in leaves and stems demonstrated an overall upward trend from May 1 to September 15 except for UA in the leaves of “Hong Feng”. The maximum values of OA and UA in leaves of “Yangfei Chu Yu”, “Fen Zhu Pan” and “Hong Feng” were 852.98, 575.60, 290.48 μg/g FW and 924.94, 827.36, 432.67 μg/g FW, respectively. The maximum values of OA and UA in stems of “Yangfei Chu Yu”, “Fen Zhu Pan” and “Hong Feng” were 359.28, 90.49, 43.90 μg/g FW and 326.86, 82.25, 56.63 μg/g FW, respectively. OA and UA contents in leaves of 47 different herbaceous peony cultivars ranged from 66.73–618.12 and 36.23–665.14 μg/g FW, respectively, with average values of 171.62 and 227.57 μg/g FW, respectively. The results suggested that the aboveground parts of herbaceous peony may be used as an alternative source of OA and UA for medicinal purposes in addition to its ornamental purposes.
Keywords: Paeonia lactiflora; cultivar; oleanolic acid; ursolic acid; HPLC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, C.; Zhang, Y.; Sheng, Y.; Zhao, D.; Lv, S.; Hu, Y.; Tao, J. Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) as an Alternative Source of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 655-667.

AMA Style

Zhou C, Zhang Y, Sheng Y, Zhao D, Lv S, Hu Y, Tao J. Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) as an Alternative Source of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(1):655-667.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Chunhua; Zhang, Ying; Sheng, Yanle; Zhao, Daqiu; Lv, Sansan; Hu, Yue; Tao, Jun. 2011. "Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) as an Alternative Source of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 1: 655-667.

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