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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(1), 429-455; doi:10.3390/ijms12010429
Article

Inherently Chiral Calixarenes: Synthesis, Optical Resolution, Chiral Recognition and Asymmetric Catalysis

2
, 1
, 1,*  and 1
1 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China 2 College of Pharmacy, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 December 2010 / Revised: 30 December 2010 / Accepted: 12 January 2011 / Published: 17 January 2011

Abstract

Inherently chiral calixarenes, whose chirality is based on the absence of a planar symmetry or an inversion center in the molecules as a whole through the asymmetric array of several achiral groups upon the three-dimensional calix-skeletons, are challenging and attractive chiral molecules, because of their potential in supramolecular chemistry. The synthesis and optical resolution of all varieties of inherently chiral calixarenes are systematically discussed and classified, and their applications in chiral recognition and asymmetric catalysis are thoroughly illustrated in this review.
Keywords: inherently chiral calixarene; synthesis; optical resolution; chiral recognition; asymmetric catalysis inherently chiral calixarene; synthesis; optical resolution; chiral recognition; asymmetric catalysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, S.-Y.; Xu, Y.-W.; Liu, J.-M.; Su, C.-Y. Inherently Chiral Calixarenes: Synthesis, Optical Resolution, Chiral Recognition and Asymmetric Catalysis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 429-455.

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