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Dental Implant Systems
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(6), 2523-2545; doi:10.3390/ijms11062523
Review

Nanocharacterization in Dentistry

1,2
, 1,2
, 1
, 1
, 2,3
 and 1,2,3,*
1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, CA, USA 2 California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, CA, USA 3 International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics Satellite (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0047, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 March 2010 / Revised: 5 June 2010 / Accepted: 7 June 2010 / Published: 17 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
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Abstract

About 80% of US adults have some form of dental disease. There are a variety of new dental products available, ranging from implants to oral hygiene products that rely on nanoscale properties. Here, the application of AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) and optical interferometry to a range of dentistry issues, including characterization of dental enamel, oral bacteria, biofilms and the role of surface proteins in biochemical and nanomechanical properties of bacterial adhesins, is reviewed. We also include studies of new products blocking dentine tubules to alleviate hypersensitivity; antimicrobial effects of mouthwash and characterizing nanoparticle coated dental implants. An outlook on future “nanodentistry” developments such as saliva exosomes based diagnostics, designing biocompatible, antimicrobial dental implants and personalized dental healthcare is presented.
Keywords: nano-characterization; dentistry; biofilms; bacterial adhesins; implants; dentine tubule; afm; interferometry; nanodentistry nano-characterization; dentistry; biofilms; bacterial adhesins; implants; dentine tubule; afm; interferometry; nanodentistry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, S.; Cross, S.E.; Hsueh, C.; Wali, R.P.; Stieg, A.Z.; Gimzewski, J.K. Nanocharacterization in Dentistry. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2523-2545.

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