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Relationships among the A Genomes of Triticum L. Species as Evidenced by SSR Markers, in Iran
Department of Biology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, 81746-73441, Iran
Department of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 84156-83111, Iran
Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2010; in revised form: 6 October 2010 / Accepted: 22 October 2010 / Published: 2 November 2010
Abstract: The relationships among 55 wheat accessions (47 accessions collected from Iran and eight accessions provided by the Institute of Plant Biology of the University of Zurich, Switzerland) belonging to eight species carrying A genome (Triticum monococcum L., T. boeoticum Boiss., T. urartu Tumanian ex Gandilyan, T. durum Desf., T. turgidum L., T. dicoccum Schrank ex Schübler, T. dicoccoides (Körn. ex Asch. & Graebner) Schweinf. and T. aestivum L.) were evaluated using 31 A genome specific microsatellite markers. A high level of polymorphism was observed among the accessions studied (PIC = 0.77). The highest gene diversity was revealed among T. durum genotypes, while the lowest genetic variation was found in T. dicoccoides accessions. The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed a significant genetic variance (75.56%) among these accessions, representing a high intra-specific genetic diversity within Triticum taxa in Iran. However, such a variance was not observed among their ploidy levels. Based on the genetic similarity analysis, the accessions collected from Iran were divided into two main groups: diploids and polyploids. The genetic similarity among the diploid and polyploid species was 0.85 and 0.89 respectively. There were no significant differences in A genome diversity from different geographic regions. Based on the genetic diversity analyses, we consider there is value in a greater sampling of each species in Iran to discover useful genes for breeding purposes.
Keywords: Triticum; SSRs; Iran; wheat; genetic analysis
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Ehtemam, M.H.; Rahiminejad, M.R.; Saeidi, H.; Tabatabaei, B.E.S.; Krattinger, S.G.; Keller, B. Relationships among the A Genomes of Triticum L. Species as Evidenced by SSR Markers, in Iran. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 4309-4325.
Ehtemam MH, Rahiminejad MR, Saeidi H, Tabatabaei BES, Krattinger SG, Keller B. Relationships among the A Genomes of Triticum L. Species as Evidenced by SSR Markers, in Iran. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(11):4309-4325.
Ehtemam, Mohammad Hosein; Rahiminejad, Mohammad Reza; Saeidi, Hojjatollah; Tabatabaei, Badraldin Ebrahim Sayed; Krattinger, Simon G.; Keller, Beat. 2010. "Relationships among the A Genomes of Triticum L. Species as Evidenced by SSR Markers, in Iran." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 11: 4309-4325.