Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(1), 1-13; doi:10.3390/ijms11010001
Article

Chalcones Enhance TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells

1 Chair and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Jordana 19, 41 808 Zabrze, Poland 2 Chair and Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 3-go Maja 13, 41 800 Zabrze, Poland 3 Chair and Department of Urology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 3-go Maja 13, 41 800 Zabrze, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 October 2009; in revised form: 23 November 2009 / Accepted: 23 December 2009 / Published: 24 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [185 KB, uploaded 25 December 2009 14:02 CET]
Abstract: Chalcones exhibit chemopreventive and antitumor effects. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a naturally occurring anticancer agent that induces apoptosis in cancer cells and is not toxic to normal cells. We examined the cytotoxic and apoptotic effect of five chalcones in combination with TRAIL on prostate cancer cells. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by the MTT and LDH assays. The apoptosis was determined using flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC. Our study showed that all five tested chalcones: chalcone, licochalcone-A, isobavachalcone, xanthohumol, butein markedly augmented TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and cytotoxicity in prostate cancer cells and confirmed the significant role of chalcones in chemoprevention of prostate cancer.
Keywords: chalcones; TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand); apoptosis; chemoprevention; prostate cancer

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Szliszka, E.; Czuba, Z.P.; Mazur, B.; Sedek, L.; Paradysz, A.; Krol, W. Chalcones Enhance TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 1-13.

AMA Style

Szliszka E, Czuba ZP, Mazur B, Sedek L, Paradysz A, Krol W. Chalcones Enhance TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(1):1-13.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szliszka, Ewelina; Czuba, Zenon P.; Mazur, Bogdan; Sedek, Lukasz; Paradysz, Andrzej; Krol, Wojciech. 2010. "Chalcones Enhance TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 1: 1-13.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert