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Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) / 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2009; in revised form: 13 August 2009 / Accepted: 17 August 2009 / Published: 18 August 2009
Abstract: Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradability were studied. Reproducibility of biodegradation test of ISO 14855-2 by MODA was confirmed. Validity of sample preparation method for polymer pellets, polymer film, and polymer products of ISO/DIS 10210 for ISO 14855-2 was confirmed.
Keywords: biodegradability; polycaprolactone; poly(lactic acid); compost; evaluation; ISO 14855-2; ISO/DIS 10210
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Funabashi, M.; Ninomiya, F.; Kunioka, M. Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 3635-3654.
Funabashi M, Ninomiya F, Kunioka M. Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(8):3635-3654.
Funabashi, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Fumi; Kunioka, Masao. 2009. "Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 8: 3635-3654.