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Cytotoxic Effects of CdSe Quantum Dots on Maturation of Mouse Oocytes, Fertilization, and Fetal Development
Department of Bioscience Technology and Center for Nanotechnology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 February 2009; in revised form: 26 April 2009 / Accepted: 28 April 2009 / Published: 14 May 2009
Abstract: Quantum dots (QDs) are useful novel luminescent markers, but their embryonic toxicity is yet to be fully established, particularly in oocyte maturation and sperm fertilization. Earlier experiments by our group show that CdSe-core QDs have cytotoxic effects on mouse blastocysts and are associated with defects in subsequent development. Here, we further investigate the influence of CdSe-core QDs on oocyte maturation, fertilization, and subsequent pre- and postimplantation development. CdSe-core QDs induced a significant reduction in the rates of oocyte maturation, fertilization, and in vitro embryo development, but not ZnS-coated CdSe QDs. Treatment of oocytes with 500 nM CdSe-core QDs during in vitro maturation (IVM) led to increased resorption of postimplantation embryos and decreased placental and fetal weights. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report the negative impact of CdSe-core QDs on mouse oocyte development. Moreover, surface modification of CdSe-core QDs with ZnS effectively prevented this cytotoxicity.
Keywords: quantum dot; apoptosis; oocyte maturation; embryonic development
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Hsieh, M.-S.; Shiao, N.-H.; Chan, W.-H. Cytotoxic Effects of CdSe Quantum Dots on Maturation of Mouse Oocytes, Fertilization, and Fetal Development. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 2122-2135.
Hsieh M-S, Shiao N-H, Chan W-H. Cytotoxic Effects of CdSe Quantum Dots on Maturation of Mouse Oocytes, Fertilization, and Fetal Development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(5):2122-2135.
Hsieh, Ming-Shu; Shiao, Nion-Heng; Chan, Wen-Hsiung. 2009. "Cytotoxic Effects of CdSe Quantum Dots on Maturation of Mouse Oocytes, Fertilization, and Fetal Development." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 5: 2122-2135.