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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(3), 954-963; doi:10.3390/ijms10030954
Article

Improvement of Morphine-Mediated Analgesia by Inhibition of β-Arrestin 2 Expression in Mice Periaqueductal Gray Matter

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Received: 10 February 2009; in revised form: 23 February 2009 / Accepted: 25 February 2009 / Published: 5 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology)
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Abstract: Morphine is a well-known μ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist and an efficient analgesic, but its long-term use inevitably leads to drug addiction and tolerance. Here, we show that specific inhibition of β-arrestin2 with its siRNA lentivirus microinjected in mice periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) significantly improved both acute and chronic morphine analgesia and delayed the tolerance in the hotplate test. The specific effect of β-arrestin2 was proven by overexpression or knockdown of its homology β-arrestin1 in PAG, which showed no significant effects on morphine analgesia. These findings suggest that specific siRNA targeting β-arrestin2 may constitute a new approach to morphine therapy and other MOR agonist-mediated analgesia and tolerance.
Keywords: β-Arrestin 2; Lentivirus; Periaqueductal gray; Analgesia; Morphine β-Arrestin 2; Lentivirus; Periaqueductal gray; Analgesia; Morphine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Liu, X.; Liu, C.; Kang, J.; Yang, J.; Pei, G.; Wu, C. Improvement of Morphine-Mediated Analgesia by Inhibition of β-Arrestin 2 Expression in Mice Periaqueductal Gray Matter. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 954-963.

AMA Style

Li Y, Liu X, Liu C, Kang J, Yang J, Pei G, Wu C. Improvement of Morphine-Mediated Analgesia by Inhibition of β-Arrestin 2 Expression in Mice Periaqueductal Gray Matter. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(3):954-963.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Yuting; Liu, Xing; Liu, Chang; Kang, Jiuhong; Yang, Jingyu; Pei, Gang; Wu, Chunfu. 2009. "Improvement of Morphine-Mediated Analgesia by Inhibition of β-Arrestin 2 Expression in Mice Periaqueductal Gray Matter." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 3: 954-963.


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