Molecules 2004, 9(9), 725-745; doi:10.3390/90900725
Article

The Effects of Conjugation Path Variation on Electron Delocalization in Phenoxyl-Based Systems.

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Received: 23 April 2004; Accepted: 2 June 2004 / Published: 31 August 2004
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ferromagnetic Organic Radicals)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A number of persistent 2,6-di-tert-butylphenoxyl based radicals were synthesized as models for unpaired spin delocalization as a function of conjugation pathway, and were investigated by ESR and UV-vis spectroscopy. Phenoxyl spin delocalizes significantly onto a para-phenyl ring, but further delocalization through a meta-vinyl or meta-carbonyl linkage is not detectable by ESR hyperfine coupling. UV- vis spectra do show a red shift of the longest wavelength transition for a carbonyl-type substituent by comparison to a vinyl substituent in the meta-position of a para-phenyl group. By comparison, a para-styryl substituent on the phenoxyl causes very large spin delocalization from the phenoxyl unit, with the largest hyperfine coupling being found on the ethenyl unit of the assemblage. This large delocalization accounts for the reactivity of radicals that incorporate such units.
Keywords: 2; 6-Di-tert-butylphenoxyl; conjugated polyradicals; spin delocalization; exchange; molecular magnetism; electron spin resonance; hyperfine coupling.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Lahti, P.M. The Effects of Conjugation Path Variation on Electron Delocalization in Phenoxyl-Based Systems.. Molecules 2004, 9, 725-745.

AMA Style

Liu Y, Lahti PM. The Effects of Conjugation Path Variation on Electron Delocalization in Phenoxyl-Based Systems.. Molecules. 2004; 9(9):725-745.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Yanbing; Lahti, Paul M. 2004. "The Effects of Conjugation Path Variation on Electron Delocalization in Phenoxyl-Based Systems.." Molecules 9, no. 9: 725-745.

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