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Molecules 2001, 6(10), 831-844; doi:10.3390/61000831

Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions

1
Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs de Caen (ISMRA), Université de Caen, UMR CNRS 6507, 6 Boulevard du Maréchal Juin F-14050 Caen Cedex, France
2
Université Boumerdès, Faculté des Sciences de l'Ingénieur, Boumerdès 35000, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2001 / Accepted: 10 October 2001 / Published: 31 October 2001
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Abstract

Metallophthalocyanine complexes are obtained quickly and efficiently by the reaction of phthalodinitrile with hydrated metallic salts without solvent and under microwave irradiation. The use of a modified commercial microwave oven to perform this type of reactions under dry conditions is described. Metallophthalocyanines and metallododecachlorophthalocyanines of some divalent metals can be also obtained from phthalic or tetrachlorophthalic anhydrides with hydrated metallic salt and urea under microwave irradiation and without solvent.
Keywords: Phthalocyanine; microwave; complexes Phthalocyanine; microwave; complexes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Villemin, D.; Hammadi, M.; Hachemi, M.; Bar, N. Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions. Molecules 2001, 6, 831-844.

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