Molecules 2001, 6(10), 831-844; doi:10.3390/61000831
Article

Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions

1,* email, 2, 2 and 1
Received: 7 September 2001; Accepted: 10 October 2001 / Published: 31 October 2001
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Metallophthalocyanine complexes are obtained quickly and efficiently by the reaction of phthalodinitrile with hydrated metallic salts without solvent and under microwave irradiation. The use of a modified commercial microwave oven to perform this type of reactions under dry conditions is described. Metallophthalocyanines and metallododecachlorophthalocyanines of some divalent metals can be also obtained from phthalic or tetrachlorophthalic anhydrides with hydrated metallic salt and urea under microwave irradiation and without solvent.
Keywords: Phthalocyanine; microwave; complexes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Villemin, D.; Hammadi, M.; Hachemi, M.; Bar, N. Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions. Molecules 2001, 6, 831-844.

AMA Style

Villemin D, Hammadi M, Hachemi M, Bar N. Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions. Molecules. 2001; 6(10):831-844.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Villemin, Didier; Hammadi, Mohamed; Hachemi, Messaoud; Bar, Nathalie. 2001. "Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions." Molecules 6, no. 10: 831-844.


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