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Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 USA
Agriculture Canada, Vineland, ON, Canada
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI 53706 USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 February 2000; Accepted: 24 March 2000 / Published: 3 April 2000
Abstract: The insecticidal activities of several cyanohydrins, cyanohydrin esters and monoterpenoid esters (including three monoterpenoid esters of a cyanohydrin) were evaluated. Topical toxicity to Musca domestica L. adults was examined, and testing of many compounds at 100 mg/fly resulted in 100% mortality. Topical LD50 values of four compounds for M. domestica were calculated. Testing of many of the reported compounds to brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana Kellog) resulted in 100% mortality at 10 ppm, and two compounds caused 100% mortality at 1 ppm. Aquatic LC50 values were calculated for five compounds for larvae of the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti (L.)). Monoterpenoid esters were among the most toxic compounds tested in topical and aquatic bioassays.
Keywords: Cyanohydrin; monoterpenoid; insecticide
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MDPI and ACS Style
Peterson, C.J.; Tsao, R.; Eggler, A.L.; Coats, J.R. Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds. Molecules 2000, 5, 648-654.
Peterson CJ, Tsao R, Eggler AL, Coats JR. Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds. Molecules. 2000; 5(4):648-654.
Peterson, Chris J.; Tsao, Rong; Eggler, Aimee L.; Coats, Joel R. 2000. "Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds." Molecules 5, no. 4: 648-654.