Abstract: An attempt has been made to determine potentiometrically (1) acid dissociation constants of cations obtained by protonation of nine trisubstituted pyridine N-oxides, namely 2-halo(Cl, Br and I)-4-nitropicoline N-oxides with the methyl group at positions 3, 5, and 6, as well as (2) the cationic homoconjugation constants of these cationic acids with conjugated N-oxides in acetonitrile. On the basis of the substitution effect, variations of the acid dissociation constants of the trisubstituted pyridine N-oxide cations are discussed. The determined pKa values of the protonated 2-halo-4-nitropicoline N-oxides are compared with the previously determined equilibrium constants of the cationic acids conjugated with the mono- and disubstituted pyridine N-oxides in acetonitrile. Further, based on the pKa values of the protonated 2-halo-4-nitropicoline N-oxides in acetonitrile, supplemented with correlations between pKa’s of the protonated mono- and disubstituted pyridine N-oxides in acetonitrile and water, the pKa's of the acids conjugated with the trisubstituted N-oxides studied in aqueous solutions have been estimated. Moreover, it has been concluded that the cationic homoconjugation constants cannot be determined by potentiometric titration in acetonitrile solutions of the 2-halo-4-nitropicoline N-oxide systems.
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Kaczmarczyk, E.; Puszko, A.; Lorenc, J.; Chmurzynski, L. A Study of Acid-Base Equilibria in Acetonitrile Systems of 2-Halo(Cl,Br,I)-4-nitropicoline(3,5,6) N-oxides. Molecules 1999, 4, 94-103.
Kaczmarczyk E, Puszko A, Lorenc J, Chmurzynski L. A Study of Acid-Base Equilibria in Acetonitrile Systems of 2-Halo(Cl,Br,I)-4-nitropicoline(3,5,6) N-oxides. Molecules. 1999; 4(4):94-103.
Kaczmarczyk, Ewa; Puszko, Aniela; Lorenc, Jadwiga; Chmurzynski, Lech. 1999. "A Study of Acid-Base Equilibria in Acetonitrile Systems of 2-Halo(Cl,Br,I)-4-nitropicoline(3,5,6) N-oxides." Molecules 4, no. 4: 94-103.