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Molecules 1999, 4(1), 1-12; doi:10.3390/40100001
Review

A Straightforward Route to Enantiopure Pyrrolizidines and Indolizidines by Cycloaddition to Pyrroline N-Oxides Derived from the Chiral Pool

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Received: 29 October 1997; Accepted: 30 March 1998 / Published: 22 December 1998
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Abstract: Enantiomerically pure, five membered cyclic nitrones, easily obtained in large amounts from protected hydroxyacids and aminoacids such as D- and L-tartaric, L-malic, and L-aspartic acids, give cycloaddition reactions with a good diastereocontrol. The adducts of L-malic and L-aspartic acids derived from addition of nitrones to dimethyl maleate and g-crotonolactone were easily converted into enantiopure pyrrolizidinones, which can be transformed into polyhydroxypyrrolidines or polyhydroxypyrrolizidines, both interesting compounds as potential glycosidase inhibitors. The method is suitable for natural products synthesis as exemplified by a straightforward and convenient access to the pyrrolizidine alkaloid necine base (–)-hastanecine, as well as to indolizidine alkaloids, i.e. (+)- lentiginosine.
Keywords: Pyrrolizidines; pyrrolidines; stereoselective cycloaddition; glycosidase inhibitors; cyclic nitrones; review Pyrrolizidines; pyrrolidines; stereoselective cycloaddition; glycosidase inhibitors; cyclic nitrones; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Goti, A.; Cicchi, S.; Cordero, F.M.; Fedi, V.; Brandi, A. A Straightforward Route to Enantiopure Pyrrolizidines and Indolizidines by Cycloaddition to Pyrroline N-Oxides Derived from the Chiral Pool. Molecules 1999, 4, 1-12.

AMA Style

Goti A, Cicchi S, Cordero FM, Fedi V, Brandi A. A Straightforward Route to Enantiopure Pyrrolizidines and Indolizidines by Cycloaddition to Pyrroline N-Oxides Derived from the Chiral Pool. Molecules. 1999; 4(1):1-12.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goti, Andrea; Cicchi, Stefano; Cordero, Franca M.; Fedi, Valentina; Brandi, Alberto. 1999. "A Straightforward Route to Enantiopure Pyrrolizidines and Indolizidines by Cycloaddition to Pyrroline N-Oxides Derived from the Chiral Pool." Molecules 4, no. 1: 1-12.



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