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Molecules 2018, 23(9), 2313; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092313

Microbial Degradation of Pesticide Residues and an Emphasis on the Degradation of Cypermethrin and 3-phenoxy Benzoic Acid: A Review

1,†
,
1,†
,
1,†
,
1,†
,
1,†,* , 1
and
2
1
College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, China
2
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an, 625014, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemistry & Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [652 KB, uploaded 11 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Nowadays, pesticides are widely used in preventing and controlling the diseases and pests of crop, but at the same time pesticide residues have brought serious harm to human’s health and the environment. It is an important subject to study microbial degradation of pesticides in soil environment in the field of internationally environmental restoration science and technology. This paper summarized the microbial species in the environment, the study of herbicide and pesticides degrading bacteria and the mechanism and application of pesticide microbial degrading bacteria. Cypermethrin and other pyrethroid pesticides were used widely currently, while they were difficult to be degraded in the natural conditions, and an intermediate metabolite, 3-phenoxy benzoic acid would be produced in the degradation process, causing the secondary pollution of agricultural products and a series of problems. Taking it above as an example, the paper paid attention to the degradation process of microorganism under natural conditions and factors affecting the microbial degradation of pesticide. In addition, the developed trend of the research on microbial degradation of pesticide and some obvious problems that need further solution were put forward. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodegradation; characteristic; degradation mechanism; degrading bacteria; pyrethroid biodegradation; characteristic; degradation mechanism; degrading bacteria; pyrethroid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Huang, Y.; Xiao, L.; Li, F.; Xiao, M.; Lin, D.; Long, X.; Wu, Z. Microbial Degradation of Pesticide Residues and an Emphasis on the Degradation of Cypermethrin and 3-phenoxy Benzoic Acid: A Review. Molecules 2018, 23, 2313.

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