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Molecules 2018, 23(5), 1226; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23051226

Nutraceuticals in Periodontal Health: A Systematic Review on the Role of Vitamins in Periodontal Health Maintenance

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Specialistiche ed Odontostomatologiche (DISCO)-Sez. Biochimica, Facoltà di Medicina, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
2
Department of Physiology, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “Jose Mataix”, Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Avda. Conocimiento s/n, 18100 Armilla, Granada, Spain
3
Department of Stomalogy, Dental School, University of Sevilla, C/Avicena s.n., 41009 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2018 / Revised: 16 May 2018 / Accepted: 17 May 2018 / Published: 20 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutraceuticals and Their Medicinal Importance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [343 KB, uploaded 20 May 2018]

Abstract

Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use. For this, a systematic review of English-written literature in PubMed until February 2018, which included both human and animal research on the relationship of each vitamin with periodontal disease, was conducted. Among all the analyzed vitamins those with antioxidant capacity and effects on immune system seem to be useful for prevention or improvement of periodontal disease, as well as those implicated in bone metabolism. In the first case, there are quite information in favor of various vitamins, mainly vitamin C, that is the most studied. In the second case, vitamin D seems to have the most relevant role. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; gingivitis; micronutrients; nutrition; oral health; periodontitis; supplementation diet; gingivitis; micronutrients; nutrition; oral health; periodontitis; supplementation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Varela-López, A.; Navarro-Hortal, M.D.; Giampieri, F.; Bullón, P.; Battino, M.; Quiles, J.L. Nutraceuticals in Periodontal Health: A Systematic Review on the Role of Vitamins in Periodontal Health Maintenance. Molecules 2018, 23, 1226.

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