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Molecules 2018, 23(5), 1129; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23051129

Mitochondria Transcription Factor A: A Putative Target for the Effect of Melatonin on U87MG Malignant Glioma Cell Line

Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP 01246903, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Dun-Xian Tan
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 4 May 2018 / Accepted: 7 May 2018 / Published: 9 May 2018
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Abstract

The disruption of mitochondrial activity has been associated with cancer development because it contributes to regulating apoptosis and is the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) is a protein that maintains mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) integrity, and alterations in its expression are associated with mitochondrial damage and cancer development. In addition, studies have shown that mitochondria are a known target of melatonin, the pineal gland hormone that plays an important anti-tumorigenic role. Thus, we hypothesized that melatonin decreases the expression of TFAM (RNA and protein) in the human glioblastoma cell line U87MG, which disrupts mtDNA expression and results in cell death due to increased ROS production and mitochondrial damage. Our results confirm the hypothesis, and also show that melatonin reduced the expression of other mitochondrial transcription factors mRNA (TFB1M and TFB2M) and interfered with mtDNA transcription. Moreover, melatonin delayed cell cycle progression and potentiated the reduction of cell survival due to treatment with the chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide. In conclusion, elucidating the effect of melatonin on TFAM expression should help to understand the signaling pathways involved in glioblastoma progression, and melatonin could be potentially applied in the treatment of this type of brain tumor. View Full-Text
Keywords: melatonin; mitochondria; TFAM; cancer; glioblastoma melatonin; mitochondria; TFAM; cancer; glioblastoma
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Franco, D.G.; Moretti, I.F.; Marie, S.K.N. Mitochondria Transcription Factor A: A Putative Target for the Effect of Melatonin on U87MG Malignant Glioma Cell Line. Molecules 2018, 23, 1129.

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