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Molecules 2018, 23(4), 977; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23040977

Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling

College of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, China
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Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
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Abstract

SortaseB (SrtB) plays a critical role in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infections. According to the reports in the literature, SrtB can anchor the IsdC to the cell wall to capture iron from the host to achieve a successful invasion. On the other hand, SrtB could also affect the adhesion of S. aureus to host cells based on previous studies. Here, we report about a novel SrtB inhibitor, coptisine, a natural compound that does not exhibit antibacterial activity but can inhibit the SrtB activity in vitro. A cytotoxicity test indicated that coptisine protects human lung epithelial cells from S. aureus. In addition, coptisine can reduce the adhesion of S. aureus to human lung epithelial cells based on the result of plate colony counting assay. Molecular dynamics simulation revealed that coptisine can bind to the active pocket of SrtB, leading to its activity loss. Through the calculation of binding free energy between ligand and protein, site-directed mutagenesis and fluorescence spectroscopy quenching methods, it was confirmed that residues of Arg115, Asn116, and Ile182 played a vital role in the interaction of SrtB with coptisine. These data provide the theoretical basis for the therapy option to the infections caused by S. aureus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; coptisine; sortaseB; cytotoxicity; adhesion; molecular simulation Staphylococcus aureus; coptisine; sortaseB; cytotoxicity; adhesion; molecular simulation
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Wang, G.; Wang, X.; Sun, L.; Gao, Y.; Niu, X.; Wang, H. Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling. Molecules 2018, 23, 977.

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