Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling
AbstractSortaseB (SrtB) plays a critical role in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infections. According to the reports in the literature, SrtB can anchor the IsdC to the cell wall to capture iron from the host to achieve a successful invasion. On the other hand, SrtB could also affect the adhesion of S. aureus to host cells based on previous studies. Here, we report about a novel SrtB inhibitor, coptisine, a natural compound that does not exhibit antibacterial activity but can inhibit the SrtB activity in vitro. A cytotoxicity test indicated that coptisine protects human lung epithelial cells from S. aureus. In addition, coptisine can reduce the adhesion of S. aureus to human lung epithelial cells based on the result of plate colony counting assay. Molecular dynamics simulation revealed that coptisine can bind to the active pocket of SrtB, leading to its activity loss. Through the calculation of binding free energy between ligand and protein, site-directed mutagenesis and fluorescence spectroscopy quenching methods, it was confirmed that residues of Arg115, Asn116, and Ile182 played a vital role in the interaction of SrtB with coptisine. These data provide the theoretical basis for the therapy option to the infections caused by S. aureus. View Full-Text
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Wang, G.; Wang, X.; Sun, L.; Gao, Y.; Niu, X.; Wang, H. Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling. Molecules 2018, 23, 977.
Wang G, Wang X, Sun L, Gao Y, Niu X, Wang H. Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling. Molecules. 2018; 23(4):977.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Guizhen; Wang, Xiyan; Sun, Lin; Gao, Yawen; Niu, Xiaodi; Wang, Hongsu. 2018. "Novel Inhibitor Discovery of Staphylococcus aureus Sortase B and the Mechanism Confirmation via Molecular Modeling." Molecules 23, no. 4: 977.
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