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Molecules 2018, 23(2), 352; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020352

Hepatoprotective Effects of a Functional Formula of Three Chinese Medicinal Herbs: Experimental Evidence and Network Pharmacology-Based Identification of Mechanism of Action and Potential Bioactive Components

1
School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation, The University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518057, China
3
Beijing Shijitang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2017 / Revised: 27 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Herbal Medicine Research)
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Abstract

Various Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have shown beneficial liver protection effects. Jian-Gan-Bao (JGB), a functional herbal formula, consists of three famous CHMs, including Coriolus versicolor, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Schisandra chinensis, which has been used as a folk medicine for several chronic liver diseases. In the present study, we aim systemically to evaluate the effects of JGB on acute and chronic alcoholic liver diseases (ALD) as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in mouse models, and identify its potential bioactive components and mechanism of action. JGB showed preventive effects for acute and chronic ALD as well as NAFLD, while post-treatment of JGB showed no significant effect, suggesting the nature of JGB as a health supplement rather than a drug. Furthermore, a compound-target network was constructed to identify the potential bioactive compounds and pathways that regulate its hepatoprotective effects. There are 40 bioactive compounds and 15 related targets that have been identified via this network pharmacology study. Among them are miltirone, neocryptotanshinone II and deoxyshikonin, with desirable pharmaceutical properties. Pathways relating to inflammation, fatty acid oxidation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production and cell proliferation were predicted as bioactive compounds and potential underlying mechanisms, which should be the focus of study in this field in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coriolus versicolor; Salvia miltiorrhiza; Schisandra chinensis; function herbal formula; liver disease; network pharmacology Coriolus versicolor; Salvia miltiorrhiza; Schisandra chinensis; function herbal formula; liver disease; network pharmacology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, S.; Wang, N.; Hong, M.; Tan, H.-Y.; Pan, G.; Feng, Y. Hepatoprotective Effects of a Functional Formula of Three Chinese Medicinal Herbs: Experimental Evidence and Network Pharmacology-Based Identification of Mechanism of Action and Potential Bioactive Components. Molecules 2018, 23, 352.

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