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Molecules 2018, 23(1), 196; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23010196

Dietary Total Prenylflavonoids from the Fruits of Psoralea corylifolia L. Prevents Age-Related Cognitive Deficits and Down-Regulates Alzheimer’s Markers in SAMP8 Mice

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 January 2018 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 17 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Derived Natural Products and Age Related Diseases)
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Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a serious threat for the aging society. In this study, we examined the preventive effect of the total prenylflavonoids (TPFB) prepared from the dried fruits of Psoralea corylifolia L., using an age-related AD mouse model SAMP8. We found that long-term dietary TPFB at 50 mg/kg·day significantly improved cognitive performance of the SAMP8 mice in Morris water maze tests, similar to 150 mg/kg·day of resveratrol, a popular neuro-protective compound. Furthermore, TPFB treatment showed significant improvements in various AD markers in SAMP8 brains, which were restored to near control levels of the normal mice, SAMR1. TPFB significantly reduced the level of amyloid β-peptide 42 (Aβ42), inhibited hyperphosphorylation of the microtubule-associated protein Tau, induced phosphorylation of Ser9 of the glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β), and decreased the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines TNFα, IL-6, and IL-1β. Finally, TPFB also markedly reduced the level of serum derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs), a biomarker of oxidative stress in vivo. These results showed that dietary TPFB could effectively prevent age-related cognitive deficits and AD-like neurobiochemical changes, and may have a potential role in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Psoralea corylifolia; prenylflavonoids; resveratrol; SAMP8 Alzheimer’s disease; Psoralea corylifolia; prenylflavonoids; resveratrol; SAMP8
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, Z.-J.; Yang, Y.-F.; Zhang, Y.-T.; Yang, D.-H. Dietary Total Prenylflavonoids from the Fruits of Psoralea corylifolia L. Prevents Age-Related Cognitive Deficits and Down-Regulates Alzheimer’s Markers in SAMP8 Mice. Molecules 2018, 23, 196.

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