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Molecules 2017, 22(9), 1478; doi:10.3390/molecules22091478

Non-Polar Natural Products from Bromelia laciniosa, Neoglaziovia variegata and Encholirium spectabile (Bromeliaceae)

1
Department of Chemistry and Centre for Pharmacy, University of Bergen, Allégaten 41, 5007 Bergen, Norway
2
Arboretum and Botanical Gardens, University of Bergen, Allégaten 41, 5007 Bergen, Norway
3
Centre for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 29 August 2017 / Accepted: 2 September 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Extensive regional droughts are already a major problem on all inhabited continents and severe regional droughts are expected to become an increasing and extended problem in the future. Consequently, extended use of available drought resistant food plants should be encouraged. Bromelia laciniosa, Neoglaziovia variegata and Encholirium spectabile are excellent candidates in that respect because they are established drought resistant edible plants from the semi-arid Caatinga region. From a food safety perspective, increased utilization of these plants would necessitate detailed knowledge about their chemical constituents. However, their chemical compositions have previously not been determined. For the first time, the non-polar constituents of B. laciniosa, N. variegata and E. spectabile have been identified. This is the first thorough report on natural products from N. variegata, E. spectabile, and B. laciniosa. Altogether, 20 non-polar natural products were characterized. The identifications were based on hyphenated gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS) and supported by 1D and 2D Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) plant metabolomics. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bromelia laciniosa; Neoglaziovia variegata; Encholirium spectabile; nonpolar natural products; Hyphenated GC-HRMS; 2D NMR plant metabolomics Bromelia laciniosa; Neoglaziovia variegata; Encholirium spectabile; nonpolar natural products; Hyphenated GC-HRMS; 2D NMR plant metabolomics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Juvik, O.J.; Holmelid, B.; Francis, G.W.; Lie Andersen, H.; de Oliveira, A.P.; Gonçalves de Oliveira Júnior, R.; Guedes da Silva Almeida, J.R.; Fossen, T. Non-Polar Natural Products from Bromelia laciniosa, Neoglaziovia variegata and Encholirium spectabile (Bromeliaceae). Molecules 2017, 22, 1478.

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