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Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1365; doi:10.3390/molecules22081365

Biosynthesis of S-Adenosylmethionine by Magnetically Immobilized Escherichia coli Cells Highly Expressing a Methionine Adenosyltransferase Variant

School of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Xi’an University, Xi’an 710065, China
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Received: 22 July 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Green Chemistry)
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Abstract

S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM) is a natural metabolite having important uses in the treatment of various diseases. To develop a simple and effective way to produce SAM, immobilized Escherichia coli cells highly expressing an engineered variant of methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) were employed to synthesize SAM. The recombinant I303V MAT variant was successfully produced at approximately 900 mg/L in a 10-L bioreactor and exhibited significantly less product inhibition and had a four-fold higher specific activity (14.2 U/mg) than the wild-type MAT (3.6 U/mg). To reduce the mass transfer resistance, the free whole-cells were permeabilized and immobilized using gellan gum gel as support in the presence of 100 mg/L Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and the highest activity (4152.4 U/L support) was obtained, with 78.2% of the activity recovery. The immobilized cells were more stable than the free cells under non-reactive conditions, with a half-life of 9.1 h at 50 °C. Furthermore, the magnetically immobilized cells were employed to produce SAM at a 40-mM scale. The residual activity of the immobilized cells was 67% of its initial activity after 10 reuses, and the conversion rate of ATP was ≥95% in all 10 batches. These results indicated that magnetically immobilized cells should be a promising biocatalyst for the biosynthesis of SAM. View Full-Text
Keywords: S-adenosylmethionine; hole-cell catalysis; methionine adenosyltransferase; magnetic immobilization; product inhibition; enzyme variants S-adenosylmethionine; hole-cell catalysis; methionine adenosyltransferase; magnetic immobilization; product inhibition; enzyme variants
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Yin, C.; Zheng, T.; Chang, X. Biosynthesis of S-Adenosylmethionine by Magnetically Immobilized Escherichia coli Cells Highly Expressing a Methionine Adenosyltransferase Variant. Molecules 2017, 22, 1365.

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