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Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1360; doi:10.3390/molecules22081360

Bioactive Compounds from Mexican Varieties of the Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): Implications for Health

Coordinación en Tecnología de Productos Hortofrutícolas y Lácteos, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A. C., Avenida Cuarta Sur No. 3820 Fraccionamiento Vencedores del Desierto. Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua C.P. 33089, Mexico
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Received: 22 June 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 12 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
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Abstract

As Mexico is located within Mesoamerica, it is considered the site where the bean plant originated and where it was domesticated. Beans have been an integral part of the Mexican diet for thousands of years. Within the country, there are a number of genotypes possessing highly diverse physical and chemical properties. This review describes the major bioactive compounds contained on the Mexican varieties of the common bean. A brief analysis is carried out regarding the benefits they have on health. The effect of seed coat color on the nutraceutical compounds content is distinguished, where black bean stands out because it is high content of anthocyanins, polyphenols and flavonoids such as quercetin. This confers black bean with an elevated antioxidant capacity. The most prominent genotypes within this group are the “Negro San Luis”, “Negro 8025” and “Negro Jamapa” varieties. Conversely, the analyzed evidence shows that more studies are needed in order to expand our knowledge on the nutraceutical quality of the Mexican bean genotypes, either grown or wild-type, as well as their impact on health in order to be used in genetic improvement programs or as a strategy to encourage their consumption. The latter is based on the high potential it has for health preservation and disease prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris; nutraceutical compounds; effect on health; common Mexican bean Phaseolus vulgaris; nutraceutical compounds; effect on health; common Mexican bean
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Chávez-Mendoza, C.; Sánchez, E. Bioactive Compounds from Mexican Varieties of the Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): Implications for Health. Molecules 2017, 22, 1360.

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