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Molecules 2017, 22(7), 1185; doi:10.3390/molecules22071185

Structure Elucidation and Botanical Characterization of Diterpenes from a Specific Type of Bee Glue

Faculty of Pharmacy A15, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
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Investigation of the single plant source bee glue type originating from Southern Australia resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of major serrulatane diterpenes, novel 7,8,18-trihydroxyserrulat-14-ene (1), along with its oxidized product, 5,18-epoxyserrulat-14-en-7,8-dione (3) and known (18RS)-5,18-epoxyserrulat-14-en-8,18-diol (2). Exploration into the botanical origin revealed Myoporum insulare R. Br, as the plant source of the bee glue materials. This discovery was made through comparative analysis of the myoporum bee glue samples collected from the beehives, analyses of plant resinous exudate, and resin carried on the hind legs of bees foraging for bee glue. View Full-Text
Keywords: Myoporum insulare; Scrophulariaceae; serrulatanes; bee glue; diterpenes Myoporum insulare; Scrophulariaceae; serrulatanes; bee glue; diterpenes

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Aminimoghadamfarouj, N.; Nematollahi, A. Structure Elucidation and Botanical Characterization of Diterpenes from a Specific Type of Bee Glue. Molecules 2017, 22, 1185.

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