Specialized Metabolites of the Lichen Vulpicida pinastri Act as Photoprotective Agents
AbstractThe extreme resiliency of lichens to UV radiations makes them an interesting model to find new photoprotective agents acting as UV-blockers and antioxidant. In this research, using a new in vitro method designed to overcome the shortage of material associated to many studies dealing with natural products, we show that the three major compounds isolated from the lichen Vulpicida pinastri, vulpinic acid, pinastric acid and usnic acid, were UV blocker agents. Antioxidant assays evidenced superoxide anion scavenging activity. Combination of the most promising compounds against UVB and UVB radiations, usnic acid, vulpinic acid and pinastric acid, increased the photoprotective activity. At the same time, they were found not cytotoxic on keratinocyte cell lines and photostable in the UVA and UVB ranges. Thus, lichens represent an attractive source to find good candidate ingredients as photoprotective agents. Additionally, the uncommon scalemic usnic acid mixture in this Vulpicida species was proven through electronic circular dichroism calculation. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 1340 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Legouin, B.; Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, F.; Ferron, S.; Rouaud, I.; Le Pogam, P.; Cornevin, L.; Bertrand, M.; Boustie, J. Specialized Metabolites of the Lichen Vulpicida pinastri Act as Photoprotective Agents. Molecules 2017, 22, 1162.
Legouin B, Lohézic-Le Dévéhat F, Ferron S, Rouaud I, Le Pogam P, Cornevin L, Bertrand M, Boustie J. Specialized Metabolites of the Lichen Vulpicida pinastri Act as Photoprotective Agents. Molecules. 2017; 22(7):1162.Chicago/Turabian Style
Legouin, Béatrice; Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, Françoise; Ferron, Solenn; Rouaud, Isabelle; Le Pogam, Pierre; Cornevin, Laurence; Bertrand, Michel; Boustie, Joël. 2017. "Specialized Metabolites of the Lichen Vulpicida pinastri Act as Photoprotective Agents." Molecules 22, no. 7: 1162.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.