Next Article in Journal
CH/π Interactions in Carbohydrate Recognition
Previous Article in Journal
Total Flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma Prevent Bone Loss Induced by Hindlimb Unloading in Rats
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2017, 22(7), 1046; doi:10.3390/molecules22071046

Use of Ultrasonication Technology for the Increased Production of Plant Secondary Metabolites

Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 22 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2032 KB, uploaded 26 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) provide taste, color, odor, and resistance to plants, and they are also used to treat cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Synthesis of PSMs in plants is stimulated in response to different forms of external stress. Use of ultrasonication (US) to clean or decontaminate fruits and vegetables leads to physical stress that finally results in the accumulation of PSMs. US can stimulate accumulation of taxol, ginsenoside saponins, shikonin, and resveratrol, e.g., up to 319-fold increase of resveratrol synthesis has been observed in grape due to US. US also increases carotenoids, total phenolics, and isoflavonoids accumulation. Furthermore, US shows synergistic effects in PSMs synthesis-when combined with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, jasmonic acid (JA) or salicylic acid (SA). It has been observed that US stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which then upregulates expression of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), resulting in the synthesis of PSMs. In this review, we summarize the effects of US, as a physical stress, to maximize the accumulation of PSMs in crop produce and in cell cultures. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant secondary metabolites; ultrasonication; biosynthesis; stimulation; plant response plant secondary metabolites; ultrasonication; biosynthesis; stimulation; plant response
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hasan, M.M.; Bashir, T.; Bae, H. Use of Ultrasonication Technology for the Increased Production of Plant Secondary Metabolites. Molecules 2017, 22, 1046.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top