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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 865; doi:10.3390/molecules22060865

Recent Advances in C–C and C–N Bond Forming Reactions Catalysed by Polystyrene-Supported Copper Complexes

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, Studentská 573, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 13 April 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 19 May 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)

Abstract

This present mini-review covers recently published results on Cu(I) and Cu(II) complexes immobilized on polystyrene carriers, which are used as heterogeneous, eco-friendly reusable catalysts applied for carbon–carbon and carbon–nitrogen forming reactions. Recent advances and trends in this area are demonstrated in the examples of oxidative homocoupling of terminal alkynes, the synthesis of propargylamines, nitroaldolization reactions, azide alkyne cycloaddition, N-arylation of nitrogen containing compounds, aza-Michael additions, asymmetric Friedel–Crafts reactions, asymmetric Mukaiyama aldol reactions, and asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides. The type of polystyrene matrix used for the immobilization of complexes is discussed in this paper, and particularly, the efficiency of the catalysts from the point of view of the overall reaction yield, and possible enantioselectivity and potential reusing, is reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper complexes; C–C bond forming reaction; C–N bond forming reaction; polystyrene; supported catalyst; recyclable catalyst copper complexes; C–C bond forming reaction; C–N bond forming reaction; polystyrene; supported catalyst; recyclable catalyst
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drabina, P.; Svoboda, J.; Sedlák, M. Recent Advances in C–C and C–N Bond Forming Reactions Catalysed by Polystyrene-Supported Copper Complexes. Molecules 2017, 22, 865.

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