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Molecules 2017, 22(5), 813; doi:10.3390/molecules22050813

Flexible Antibacterial Coatings

Department of Physics and NTIS Centre of Excellence, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of West Bohemia, Univerzitní 22, CZ-306 14 Plzeň, Czech Republic
Academic Editors: Krasimir Vasilev, Alex Cavallaro and Peter Zilm
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Materials and Coatings)
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Abstract

This article reviews the present state of the art in the field of flexible antibacterial coatings which efficiently kill bacteria on their surfaces. Coatings are formed using a reactive magnetron sputtering. The effect of the elemental composition and structure of the coating on its antibacterial and mechanical properties is explained. The properties of Cr–Cu–O, Al–Cu–N, and Zr–Cu–N antibacterial coatings are used as examples and described in detail. The efficiency of killing of bacteria was tested for the Escherichia coli bacterium. The principle of the formation of thick, flexible antibacterial coatings which are resistant to cracking under bending is explained. It is shown that magnetron sputtering enables production of robust, several-micrometer thick, flexible antibacterial coatings for long-term use. The antibacterial coatings produced by magnetron sputtering present huge potential for many applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibacterial coatings; efficiency of bacteria killing; physical properties; mechanical properties; resistance to cracking; magnetron sputtering antibacterial coatings; efficiency of bacteria killing; physical properties; mechanical properties; resistance to cracking; magnetron sputtering
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Musil, J. Flexible Antibacterial Coatings. Molecules 2017, 22, 813.

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