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Molecules 2017, 22(5), 758; doi:10.3390/molecules22050758

Tuning the Geometrical Structures and Optical Properties of Blue-Emitting Iridium(III) Complexes through Dimethylamine Substitutions: A Theoretical Study

1
Low Carbon Energy Institute, School of Chemical Engineering & Technology, China University of Mining &Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
2
Fukui Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, 34-4 Takano Nishihiraki-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jwo-Huei Jou
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 May 2017 / Published: 7 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Light Emitting Diodes)
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Abstract

The geometrical structures and photophysical properties of Ir(4,6-dFppy)2(pic) (FIrpic) and its derivative (o-FIr, m-FIr, p-FIr) with dimethylamine substituted at the picolinic acid (NO) ligand were fully investigated by density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory. The simulated electronic structure, as well as absorption and emission spectra of FIrpic are in good agreement with the experimental observations. The introduction of dimethylamine at the NO ligand at different positions is beneficial to extend the π-electron delocalization, increase HOMO energy levels, and hence improve the hole injection and transfer ability compared with those of FIrpic. Furthermore, o-FIr, m-FIr, and p-FIr have large absorption intensity and participation of metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) contribution in the main absorption spectra, which would be useful to improve the intersystem crossing (ISC) from the singlet to triplet excited state. More importantly, the high quantum yield of o-FIr (which is explained based on the detailed analysis of triplet energy, ET1), participation of 3MLCT contribution in the phosphorescent spectra, and energy difference between 3MLCT and triplet metal centered (3MC) d-d excited state compared with m-FIr and p-FIr indicate that o-FIr is expected to be an excellent blue phosphorescence emitter with high efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: DFT; dimethylamine; phosphorescence; 3MC d-d excited states DFT; dimethylamine; phosphorescence; 3MC d-d excited states
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ren, X.-F.; Tang, H.-Q.; Kang, G.-J. Tuning the Geometrical Structures and Optical Properties of Blue-Emitting Iridium(III) Complexes through Dimethylamine Substitutions: A Theoretical Study. Molecules 2017, 22, 758.

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