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Molecules 2017, 22(4), 523; doi:10.3390/molecules22040523

Metal-Based PSMA Radioligands

1
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo 0372, Norway
2
Norwegian Medical Cyclotron Centre Ltd., P.O. Box 4950 Nydalen, Oslo 0424, Norway
3
Institute of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo 0317, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Patrick Gamez and Ana B. Caballero
Received: 30 January 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 18 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Based Drugs: Opportunities and Challenges)

Abstract

Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies for which great progress has been made in identifying appropriate molecular targets that would enable efficient in vivo targeting for imaging and therapy. The type II integral membrane protein, prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed on prostate cancer cells in proportion to the stage and grade of the tumor progression, especially in androgen-independent, advanced and metastatic disease, rendering it a promising diagnostic and/or therapeutic target. From the perspective of nuclear medicine, PSMA-based radioligands may significantly impact the management of patients who suffer from prostate cancer. For that purpose, chelating-based PSMA-specific ligands have been labeled with various diagnostic and/or therapeutic radiometals for single-photon-emission tomography (SPECT), positron-emission-tomography (PET), radionuclide targeted therapy as well as intraoperative applications. This review focuses on the development and further applications of metal-based PSMA radioligands. View Full-Text
Keywords: prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA); SPECT; PET; radionuclide therapy; intraoperative applications. prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA); SPECT; PET; radionuclide therapy; intraoperative applications.
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gourni, E.; Henriksen, G. Metal-Based PSMA Radioligands. Molecules 2017, 22, 523.

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